Part 1: The birth of volleyball
On February 9, 1895, in Holyoke, Massachusetts (USA), William Morgan, a physical education guide created the indoor game called “Mintonette” – the precursor of today’s volleyball.
Accordingly, the foundation to create this game is a combination of previous sports: tennis (the ball is played back and forth between a double net to prevent the court), handball (using hand to play ball, players pass the ball to each other before finishing and basketball (the action of beating the ball or “dropping” to record the point of wear and tear like the movement of putting the ball into the basket).
A year later (1896), the first official performance was conducted by students of the YMCA International School (now Springfield College). Alfred Halstead, closely monitored and pointed out the key points of this game. Soon after, “Mintonette” was changed to volleyball – today’s volleyball.
Playing women’s volleyball in the early 20th century
Regarding the origin of volleyball, until now there has been no agreement on the sources. One source claims that it was invented by Spalding in 1896, but another source is that the official ball was born in 1900. After the United States, the first country to introduce volleyball was Canada, in 1900.
In 1916, detailed set rules were introduced in the Philippines. Accordingly, at first people applied wings to calculate points per set to 21, then (in 1917) changed to 15 to shorten the playing time of the set. Four years later, the “three-touch rule” – the very important foundation of the game is widely popular.
However, it was not until the World Volleyball Federation was born, in 1947, that volleyball was truly standardized in many aspects and at the same time had a strong development momentum across the globe, especially since the tournament. The first world for men was held in 1949 (the first women’s World Championship in 1952).
In 1964, volleyball was officially competed at the Olympics.
By 1987, beach volleyball – a “variation” of volleyball – was officially launched, but BCBB took only 7 more years to be featured in the Olympics.