Basic rules you should know about beach volleyball (Part 2)

Uniforms and equipment

The ball for beach volleyball is slightly larger than its classic counterpart (66-68 cm), and conversely, the pressure in it is less. Shadows must be light in color. Beach volleyball equipment includes shorts or swimsuits, without any shoes on their feet.


Referees in beach volleyball are done with the help of two referees, one of which (the first) makes sure that the in-game technical techniques are followed the rules. He can also correct the decisions of the second arbitrator.

The second arbiter tracks the progress near the net and the midline, as well as the coach and substitute behavior, and provides comprehensive support to the first umpire. In addition to the referees, there are online judges on the field.

In the summer, you have a great opportunity to change the atmosphere and play this beach sport in the fresh air.

Before moving from the hall to the hot sand, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with some differences between indoor volleyball and beach volleyball.

Field size

The size of the classic volleyball court is 18×9 m with parallel attack lines located 3 meters from the net. Backline players are not allowed to protect these lanes when making attacks.

The size of a beach volleyball court is smaller – 16×8 m. There is no attack line on it. Players can take photos from anywhere towards their court. If you are wondering why The beach is smaller, try doing a quick acceleration above the sand and you will see how easy it is. The size of the school is reduced to ensure the ball stays in the game longer and the battles become more spectacular.


Ball for indoor volleyball heavier. Therefore, their flight speed and impact are stronger.

Beach volleyball balls are slightly larger in size, while they are lighter and softer. Due to the reduced weight, the ball stays in the air longer. Advanced players can use this factor to their advantage in combination with weather conditions.

Basic rules you should know about beach volleyball (Part 1)

Take a quick look at the rules of beach volleyball. Immediately book that the rules in beach volleyball are the same for boys and girls. The team in beach volleyball consists of two people, if one of the players is injured and unable to continue the game, then this team will be defeated.

Teams play in turn, first serving until they lose their right of service due to a loss of points or errors. After the team plays the ball again, another player sends, etc.

Beach volleyball match consists of two games, the score is up to 21 points. If the game reaches the third part, then it reaches 15 points. To win each game, you need to have a difference of points of at least two points. Teams change sides more often than normal volleyball. The change of sides occurred after drawing seven points in the first two games, and every five points in the third.

Rules for receiving the ball

In beach volleyball, the ball may be knocked off with any part of the body, but the player of a team may touch the ball no more than three times, after which they must return it to the party.

Because of violations of improper rules or behavior, players receive alerts (yellow cards), comments (red cards), deletion (red and yellow cards at the same time, meaning failure in the game) or eliminated (red and yellow cards at the same time in different matches, meaning defeat in the match).

Beach volleyball court

The size of the beach volleyball court is 16 meters long and 8 meters wide. The area is covered with sand with a depth of at least 40 cm and is divided into two equal parts by a net. Nets in men’s beach volleyball at an altitude of 2.43 meters, and in women at an altitude of 2.24 meters.

The marking of the volleyball court is made with a 5 cm tape, which is fitted with a metal peg or special wooden platter.

The formation history of beach volleyball (Part 3)

That debut match, Pablo Johnson and Bill Brothers still won, and the joy from the process that the quartet received was so great that the boys decided to play exactly two of the two. Gradually, the advantage of the new format was appreciated by other “beach people”.

And Johnson, seemingly a reward for his ingenuity, has become one of the best players in history. He performed with many partners at the highest level until he was 63 years old, but won one of the first major victories (in the championship of the sports club in Santa Monica) in 1931 with with Clarence Krabbe, another legend (like Kahanamoku) about swimming the world.

A year later, Krabbe won the Olympic gold medal at a distance of 400 meters of freedom, and became the author of a series of world records at six different distances, and not without success, he competed with Johnny Weissmuller. Great for the title of first actor among swimmers.

Beach volleyball is a sport between two teams with two members, with the original rules of traditional volleyball, and has been an Olympic sport since 1996.

Like a traditional indoor volleyball, the main task of an athlete’s game is to bring the ball through the net and finish it in the opposite court, while also blocking the same task from the opponent. Each team is allowed to touch the ball 3 times to get the ball through the court to attack.

A kick starts with a tee shot – taken behind the goal line, the ball goes over the net and is in the opponent’s court. The ball ends when the ball hits the court of a team; fly out of the court line or not pass the opponent’s court properly (put the ball under the net, the ball touches the limit, touch the net or pass the ball to the other side after 4 or more touches of the ball).

The team that took the previous goal kick will be allowed to serve. 4 players took turns teeing off during the match.

Beach volleyball was first known in southern California, USA, and has now been popular around the world.

The brief history of beach volleyball

Part 1: The birth of volleyball

On February 9, 1895, in Holyoke, Massachusetts (USA), William Morgan, a physical education guide created the indoor game called “Mintonette” – the precursor of today’s volleyball.

Accordingly, the foundation to create this game is a combination of previous sports: tennis (the ball is played back and forth between a double net to prevent the court), handball (using hand to play ball, players pass the ball to each other before finishing and basketball (the action of beating the ball or “dropping” to record the point of wear and tear like the movement of putting the ball into the basket).

A year later (1896), the first official performance was conducted by students of the YMCA International School (now Springfield College). Alfred Halstead, closely monitored and pointed out the key points of this game. Soon after, “Mintonette” was changed to volleyball – today’s volleyball.

Playing women’s volleyball in the early 20th century

Regarding the origin of volleyball, until now there has been no agreement on the sources. One source claims that it was invented by Spalding in 1896, but another source is that the official ball was born in 1900. After the United States, the first country to introduce volleyball was Canada, in 1900.

In 1916, detailed set rules were introduced in the Philippines. Accordingly, at first people applied wings to calculate points per set to 21, then (in 1917) changed to 15 to shorten the playing time of the set. Four years later, the “three-touch rule” – the very important foundation of the game is widely popular.

However, it was not until the World Volleyball Federation was born, in 1947, that volleyball was truly standardized in many aspects and at the same time had a strong development momentum across the globe, especially since the tournament. The first world for men was held in 1949 (the first women’s World Championship in 1952).

In 1964, volleyball was officially competed at the Olympics.

By 1987, beach volleyball – a “variation” of volleyball – was officially launched, but BCBB took only 7 more years to be featured in the Olympics.

The formation history of beach volleyball (Part 2)

Despite his sincere love for the elements of the sea, at one point, he got tired of swimming and wanted to play sports on the mainland. One of the leaders of the Outrigger Beach & Canoe Club, the famous swimming coach George David Center, helped Duke and his friends find a beach lesson.

In 1915, for entertainment, he bought some volleyball and nets and with the help of Kahanamoku and his friends, adjusted indoor games with beach conditions. The venue (and of course, of all the senses of a friendly match) is considered to be the native of Duke Waikiki beach in Honolulu (Hawaii). The first battles, however, in classic format – six-six hours.

In the early 1920s, after Kahanamoku, a new version of volleyball moved to California, on the beaches of Santa Monica. At the time, Duke participated in swimming and water polo competitions for Los Angeles sports club teams, popular surfing, starring in Hollywood movies, but did not forget the ball game.

Furthermore, direct sand and sand volleyball quickly conquered the people of California, and by 1922, several beach clubs existed in Santa Monica. It is natural that very soon their members want to measure their strength and identify the best among the best. So in 1924 in California, the first beach volleyball tournament was held.

Of course, at that historic champion, the competition was held according to traditional rules. This event has helped reduce The quantitative and forever changing face of this sport. And the resourcefulness of Paul Pablo Johnson, one of the best classic volleyball players of the time. On one of the great summer days of 1930, Pablo wanted to play football with friends on Santa Monica beach.

One hassle – only three friends including Charles Conn, Bill Brothers and John Allen. Ignorance is clear. Johnson decided not to give up and persuaded his friends to split into two and play a full match on a quarter of the regular website.

They tried it – I liked it, just a little bit there and Johnson’s high growth gave him so many advantages. Therefore, we decided to play on all sites, and it quickly became clear that in this case, small but agile volleyball players compensate for their lack of growth by fast motion.

The formation history of beach volleyball (Part 1)

Beach volleyball – an Olympic sport, a team sport game with a ball on the sandy ground divided by a high net, its purpose is to direct the ball towards the opponent for him to land on a half of the opponent or make a mistake on the opposing team’s player.

The International Volleyball Federation (from Fédération Internationale de Volleyball of France, abbr. FIVB) is an international federation linking 220 national federations. The head office is located in the city of Lausanne, Switzerland.

Beach volleyball emerged in the early 1920s on beaches in California (USA). In 1927, beach volleyball was studied in Europe, first in France and then Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia and Latvia.

The first official beach volleyball tournament was held in the US in 1947, after which the game began to become popular and almost by surfing.

In 1965, the California Beach Volleyball Association was established, and it also developed the first rules for beach volleyball. In 1983, the Association of Professional Volleyball Players (AVP) was established.

In 1986, beach volleyball received the title of an international sport, and in 1987, the first, unofficial world championship, was held in Rio de Janeiro. The first official championship was only held in 1997 in Los Angeles.

In 1996, beach volleyball debuted at the Olympic Games in Atlanta (USA).
The French still prefer to speculate that it was on the natural beaches of Côte d’zurur, the first time they started throwing the ball over the net. But things have happened differently. A sport like beach volleyball, can only come to Americans.

Why? Because in many ways this is an ideal sport. The excitement of the team, the spectacular battles on the sand and of course the beauty of the human body in all its pristine nature.

It was Americans who campaigned for the introduction of beach volleyball into the official program of the Olympics (of course, this happened in the United States, at the Atlanta Olympics), and today athletes from the Olympics The new world is on the list of the most famous and wealthiest people in the world.

If you believe in legends, the father of beach volleyball is of Hawaiian descent, Duke Kahanamoku, a legendary figure in many respects – an orchestra of real Muslims: swimming champion three times Olympic (1912 and 1920), a member of the American team and one of the first surfers in the history of world sports.

The difference between beach volleyball and indoor volleyball (Part 2)

Beach volleyball yard size

For indoor volleyball, the yard size is 18 * 9m and there is a parallel strike line 3m away from the center line. Also, players who play in the backline must not cross the offensive line when hitting the ball.

As for beach volleyball, the volleyball court is smaller in size than 16 * 8m and has no attacking line. Beach volleyball players can hit the ball anywhere on their side of the field.

The structure of the ball

The indoor volleyball is made of leather and is heavier than the outdoor ball. Also because indoor volleyball requires strength, heavy balls are faster and hit with more force.

Beach balls are softer, lighter and bigger than indoor balls. They are lightweight so that players can take advantage of the weather conditions when playing.

Number of players

Indoor volleyball players include 6 players on each side. Each person has their own unique position and there are always complex swaps to ensure that each person retains their position.

Beach volleyball has less players, only 2 on each side and no one has to hold their own. Only area left and right. The majority of beach volleyball players are very versatile who can play holistically in any position.

Scoring method

For indoor volleyball, each match consists of 5 games. The team that achieves the previous 25 points wins in each game. If winning 3 games in a row, you will win the volleyball match in the end. In addition, indoor volleyball has a 15-point tiebreaker to decide who wins when the two teams tie in the main games. Each team will change pitch after each game.

As for beach volleyball, each match has only 3 games, each game is counted 21 points. The team that wins 2 matches will win the whole match. Just like indoor volleyball, beach volleyball also has a 15-point tiebreaker.

Each team must win with a gap of 2 points for indoor and beach volleyball matches. It also means that the team must win 1 point to receive the serve and take the next point to be counted.

Above are the characteristics of beach volleyball and the difference between beach volleyball and indoor beach volleyball.

The difference between beach volleyball and indoor volleyball (Part 1)

Beach volleyball is a popular sport since 1996. And since then beach volleyball rules have been developed based on the rules of indoor volleyball rules. Because of the attractiveness and fun, this discipline attracts not only professional volleyball players but also amateurs of all ages, genders and occupations.

Popular sport since 1996. And since then beach volleyball rules have been developed based on the rules of indoor volleyball rules. Because of the attractiveness and fun, this discipline attracts not only professional volleyball players but also amateurs of all ages, genders and occupations.

Features of beach volleyball rules

Beach volleyball rules are regulated by the World Volleyball Federation. In the law of beach volleyball, full and detailed regulations of the size of the football field, the height of the net, the net column, the scoring and the equipment of the athletes.

Like indoor volleyball or steam volleyball rules, beach volleyball rules are fair, lawful and fair play. Each beach volleyball player has the main task of bringing the ball to the opponent’s court with the finishing phase. Then block the opponent’s similar ball phase.

Each team will have 2 players and the number of touches must not exceed 3 before sending the ball to the opponent’s court. Each goal kick will count as a tackle. Goal kick taken after the goal line, the ball must cross the net and within the opponent’s court will be counted as 1 kick. Each phase ends after the ball touches the court.

If the ball is out of the court or has not passed the net or the ball has touched the hand of the net, the ball may end when the team has the ball to touch more than 3 people. Moreover, the level that gets the point in the previous phase wins the right to serve. In each beach volleyball match, 4 athletes will take turns serving to create attractiveness and drama for the matches.

Compare beach volleyball rules and indoor volleyball rules

So the rules of beach volleyball are no different than the rules of indoor volleyball competition. Let’s get into more details.

Top Health Benefits of Beach Volleyball

It’s no surprise that sand volleyball has become one of the most popular sports in the summer. You can combine vacation and practice sports usefully.

It is great way to close with your family or your friend, it brings great benefits for your health. Some benefits are as well its indoor cousin and surplus some unique benefits.

Reading this following article to learn more about top health benefits of beach volleyball for us.

1/ Cardiovascular Exercise

Researched that volleyball both indoor and outside sand is perfect exercise for intensive cardiovascular workout. This sport requires player to jump up or down and sprint continuously. So it increases heart rate and endurance for player gradually. It also help to burn out more calories so that player always keep fit and slim.

2/ Conditioning

It is unique feature which is different from indoor volleyball. As far as we know, resistance is one of the key components to reach strong muscle tone and powerful energy. When you have to play volleyball on sand, players are forced to work their legs twice because sand yard is more heavy and strict to move smoothly.

This practice boosts your durable and stronger muscles. It leads to an intensity and full-body workout. Actually, it is necessarily conditioning of body.

3/ Improves agility and speed

When playing sand volleyball, you always keep in mind to maintain balance and stability on a sand court. You are aware of moving on sand so your position always is changed flexibly.

All above requirements upgrades you to become agility to catch up with intensity and speed of the match.

4/ Provides an outdoor beneficial activity

Beach volleyball makes you to have opportunities to get outside and enjoy the fresh in the sea. It’s good for your health when you can breathe the natural area.

Beach is public place for everyone so you can make more friends with wonderful experience.

The basic differences between beach volleyball & indoor volleyball (Part 2)

Differences between beach and indoor volleyball rules

Compared to traditional indoor volleyball, beach volleyball law has a lot of different rules. Except for the regulation of net height on the playing field of these two types of volleyball are the same. Standards of size, points of calculation, costumes of athletes, etc.

Standards of volleyball courts include requirements on pitch, size of beach volleyball court and areas in the yard. Along with that is the requirement of the net, the height of the pillars, etc. They are fully and detailed rules in the law of beach volleyball.

Regarding the standard of playing field – Law on beach volleyball

First is the size of the field. There is a difference in size between traditional volleyball courts and beach volleyball courts. While the size of a beach volleyball court is 16 meters long and 8 meters wide, the indoor volleyball court is 18 meters long and 9 meters long. A special feature is that the beach volleyball court has no attack line. Meanwhile, in the traditional yard 3 meters are clearly defined.

For this beach sport, athletes will play on the sand. It can be natural or artificial sand, not using a hard yard. Therefore, athletes can play barefoot instead of wearing specialized shoes like indoor volleyball players.

The net height is probably the same point of beach volleyball and indoor volleyball. Specifically, the net height of indoor volleyball is set at 2.43m for men and 2.24m for women. This size is exactly the same as the net height of the beach volleyball court.

In addition, beach volleyball has only 2 players, in which traditional volleyball has up to 6 players / team. For beach matches, the team is not allowed to replace people, there is no libero. Meanwhile in the indoor volleyball team completely replaced players and libero position.

About the scoring method in beach volleyball rules

In the law of beach volleyball, it is clearly stated how to calculate points for teams to play. Each team will play 21 points / set. If the third set wins, the third set counts only 15 points. Every 7 points, the two teams will change the pitch once instead of every set of field changes as in indoor volleyball.