The Different Types of Surfing Waves

For any beginner in the world of surfing, thinking that you can swim out to catch waves and perform some crazy tricks is daunting and exciting. Surfing is a way of living, and once you master it, there is no coming back, you will absolutely love it. However, before enjoying your next surf trip, let’s find out different types of waves that you might encounter before you charge them on your surfboard.

1. Beach breaks

Beach breaks are when the waves break over a sandy bottom, creating the shape of the seabed shifts, which means the quality of the waves are easy to change. There are times a promising sandbank stand still for months, while other times it disappears within a matter of days. Certain beaches are known for producing consistently great sandbanks which create either powerful and hollow or gentle and long waves, depending on the time of the year.

2. Reef breaks

Reef breaks appear when the waves break over a rocky bottom to create a consistent shape of the seabed, and the line-up changes depend on the direction and size of the waves. Surfers generally get a clear channel next to the line-up, and paddle out through that. Most of the world’s amazing waves break over reefs, but even the friendlier reef breaks are risky because of the treacherous seabed. It should be avoided completely by beginners.

3. Point breaks

When the lines of the swell break into the stretch land at a perpendicular or an oblique angle, around or even along the shore but not towards it, that phenomenon is called a point break. Point breaks are generally created beside a headland and break over rock or sand.

The waves that form due to a point break peel for a longer time than reef or beach breaks. In Malibu in California, point breaks are often gently-rolling, mellow waves which are perfect for beginner surfers.